For women with moderate to severe cases of endometriosis, conservative treatment methods such as medication and hormone therapy may not be effective in relieving symptoms. These cases may require surgery to remove the excess tissue.
Surgery for endometriosis is usually performed laparoscopically, using tiny incisions and the assistance of a camera. Laparoscopy can often diagnose and treat endometriosis in one procedure. In fact, it is the only definitive diagnostic tool for endometriosis. As a treatment method, the excess tissue may be cut and removed or destroyed with a laser. Results are usually effective immediately but may not be permanent.
A hysterectomy can also be used to treat endometriosis by completely removing the uterus. However, the disease can still reoccur after this procedure if the tissue is not solely contained in the uterus. It is important to consider these factors when making a decision for surgery. Your doctor can help you decide which treatment option is best for you.