A cervical biopsy is a diagnostic procedure that examines and removes tissue samples from the cervix after potential abnormalities are detected during a routine pelvic exam. The procedure involves the placement of a microscope, known as a colposcope, at the opening of the vagina to magnify the area for closer inspection of the abnormal area. Your doctor may remove one or more tissue samples for further examination.
Other than a slight pinch when the tissue samples are removed, the procedure is painless. A cervical biopsy is helpful in detecting cancer and other conditions in their earliest stages, which can significantly improve the success rate of treatment.