Women can be screened for ovarian cancer when they undergo their annual pelvic exam, which helps detect any abnormalities or changes to the ovaries. Women who have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer should be aware of their risk and discuss the best methods of prevention with their doctor. Early detection is important in achieving effective results from the disease and lowering the risk of death.
While ultrasound and other diagnostic procedures can detect abnormalities within the ovaries, there is no universal screening test for ovarian cancer. The pelvic exam does not distinguish between ovarian cancer and benign ovarian cysts. Women may need to undergo a surgical procedure in order to further diagnose and treat the detected abnormality.