Excessive menstrual bleeding, on a regular basis, is classified as a condition called menorrhagia. Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common problem that most women experience at some point in their life. However, some women experience this heavy bleeding during every menstrual cycle, affecting their daily life.
Symptoms Of Menorrhagia
Women with menorrhagia may experience:
- Bleeding for more than 10 days
- Heavy menstrual flow
- Large blood clots in the menstrual flow
- Constant pain in the lower abdomen
- Shortness of breath
In addition to these symptoms, women with menorrhagia may develop iron deficiency anemia as the excessive menstrual bleeding depletes iron levels.
Causes Of Menorrhagia
Menorrhagia can be caused by many different factors, from conditions such as:
- Uterine fibroids
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Hormonal imbalance
- Complications from pregnancy
- Intrauterine device (IUD)
The cause may also be unknown in some patients. Different causes may affect women of different stages of life, as menorrhagia can affect women at any time in the reproductive life.
Treatment For Menorrhagia
Many women can modify their heavy periods through life changes such as diet and exercise, as well as nutritional and hormonal supplements to balance estrogen and progesterone levels. Anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain symptoms and reduce blood loss, or oral contraceptives to regulate ovulation and control excessive bleeding may also be recommended.
If conservative methods are unsuccessful in treating menorrhagia, surgery such as dilation and curettage, endometrial ablation or hysterectomy may be required.